用Spring Boot的原生定时任务总是感觉不是很友好,因为如果需要修改时间只能进行重新编译部署,于是把眼光投到这个xxl-job分布式任务调度平台上面了,让我们来简单整合一下吧。

xxl-job

XXL-JOB是一个分布式任务调度平台,其核心设计目标是开发迅速、学习简单、轻量级、易扩展。

1. 搭建项目

1.1 下载XXL-JOB源码

地址为:https://github.com/xuxueli/xxl-job
用IDEA打开该项目:
图片.png

1.2 执行SQL

找到该SQL文件,在数据库执行
图片.png
生成对应的数据库:
image.png

1.3 修改配置文件

找到admin下的配置文件进行相关修改:
图片.png
这里我只是修改了数据库相关。

1.4 启动admin

图片.png
浏览器输入:http://localhost:8080/xxl-job-admin/toLogin
image.png
默认登录账号 “admin/123456”, 登录后运行界面如下图所示:
image.png

1.5 新建一个springboot模块。

图片.png

1.5.1 pom.xml

	<dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
        </dependency>
	<!-- 导入xxl-job依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <!-- lombok依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.18.12</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>

1.5.2 application.properties

首先我们可以在xxl-job里面找到关于Spring Boot相结合的代码:
image.png
可以直接复制过来使用:

# web port
server.port=8081
# no web
#spring.main.web-environment=false

# l这里是log样式,需要将源代码中的logback.xml复制到resources文件夹下面,否则就要注释掉
logging.config=classpath:logback.xml


### 调度中心部署跟地址 [选填]:如调度中心集群部署存在多个地址则用逗号分隔。执行器将会使用该地址进行"执行器心跳注册"和"任务结果回调";为空则关闭自动注册;
xxl.job.admin.addresses=http://127.0.0.1:8080/xxl-job-admin

### 执行器通讯TOKEN [选填]:非空时启用;
xxl.job.accessToken=

### 执行器AppName [选填]:执行器心跳注册分组依据;为空则关闭自动注册
xxl.job.executor.appname=xxl-job-executor-sample
### 执行器注册 [选填]:优先使用该配置作为注册地址,为空时使用内嵌服务 ”IP:PORT“ 作为注册地址。从而更灵活的支持容器类型执行器动态IP和动态映射端口问题
xxl.job.executor.address=
### 执行器IP [选填]:默认为空表示自动获取IP,多网卡时可手动设置指定IP,该IP不会绑定Host仅作为通讯实用;地址信息用于 "执行器注册" 和 "调度中心请求并触发任务";
xxl.job.executor.ip=
### 执行器端口号 [选填]:小于等于0则自动获取;默认端口为9999,单机部署多个执行器时,注意要配置不同执行器端口;
xxl.job.executor.port=9999
### 执行器运行日志文件存储磁盘路径 [选填] :需要对该路径拥有读写权限;为空则使用默认路径;
xxl.job.executor.logpath=/data/applogs/xxl-job/jobhandler
### 调度中心日志表数据保存天数 [必填]:过期日志自动清理;限制大于等于7时生效,否则, 如-1,关闭自动清理功能;
xxl.job.executor.logretentiondays=30

1.5.3 添加xxl-job配置类

import com.xxl.job.core.executor.impl.XxlJobSpringExecutor;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

/**
 * xxl-job配置类
 * @author 84266
 */
@Configuration
public class XxlJobConfig {
    private final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(XxlJobConfig.class);

    @Value("${xxl.job.admin.addresses}")
    private String adminAddresses;

    @Value("${xxl.job.accessToken}")
    private String accessToken;

    @Value("${xxl.job.executor.appname}")
    private String appname;

    @Value("${xxl.job.executor.address}")
    private String address;

    @Value("${xxl.job.executor.ip}")
    private String ip;

    @Value("${xxl.job.executor.port}")
    private int port;

    @Value("${xxl.job.executor.logpath}")
    private String logPath;

    @Value("${xxl.job.executor.logretentiondays}")
    private int logRetentionDays;


    @Bean
    public XxlJobSpringExecutor xxlJobExecutor() {
        logger.info(">>>>>>>>>>> xxl-job config init.");
        XxlJobSpringExecutor xxlJobSpringExecutor = new XxlJobSpringExecutor();
        xxlJobSpringExecutor.setAdminAddresses(adminAddresses);
        xxlJobSpringExecutor.setAppname(appname);
        xxlJobSpringExecutor.setAddress(address);
        xxlJobSpringExecutor.setIp(ip);
        xxlJobSpringExecutor.setPort(port);
        xxlJobSpringExecutor.setAccessToken(accessToken);
        xxlJobSpringExecutor.setLogPath(logPath);
        xxlJobSpringExecutor.setLogRetentionDays(logRetentionDays);

        return xxlJobSpringExecutor;
    }

    /**
     * 针对多网卡、容器内部署等情况,可借助 "spring-cloud-commons" 提供的 "InetUtils" 组件灵活定制注册IP;
     *
     *      1、引入依赖:
     *          <dependency>
     *             <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
     *             <artifactId>spring-cloud-commons</artifactId>
     *             <version>${version}</version>
     *         </dependency>
     *
     *      2、配置文件,或者容器启动变量
     *          spring.cloud.inetutils.preferred-networks: 'xxx.xxx.xxx.'
     *
     *      3、获取IP
     *          String ip_ = inetUtils.findFirstNonLoopbackHostInfo().getIpAddress();
     */


}

1.5.4 xxl-job的测试类

这里可以直接使用官方的测试类:
image.png

import com.xxl.job.core.biz.model.ReturnT;
import com.xxl.job.core.handler.IJobHandler;
import com.xxl.job.core.handler.annotation.XxlJob;
import com.xxl.job.core.log.XxlJobLogger;
import com.xxl.job.core.util.ShardingUtil;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.DataOutputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

/**
 * XxlJob开发示例(Bean模式)
 *
 * 开发步骤:
 * 1、在Spring Bean实例中,开发Job方法,方式格式要求为 "public ReturnT<String> execute(String param)"
 * 2、为Job方法添加注解 "@XxlJob(value="自定义jobhandler名称", init = "JobHandler初始化方法", destroy = "JobHandler销毁方法")",注解value值对应的是调度中心新建任务的JobHandler属性的值。
 * 3、执行日志:需要通过 "XxlJobLogger.log" 打印执行日志;
 *
 * @author xuxueli 2019-12-11 21:52:51
 */
@Component
public class SampleXxlJob {
    private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(SampleXxlJob.class);


    /**
     * 1、简单任务示例(Bean模式)
     */
    @XxlJob("demoJobHandler")
    public ReturnT<String> demoJobHandler(String param) throws Exception {
        XxlJobLogger.log("XXL-JOB, Hello World.");

        for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
            XxlJobLogger.log("beat at:" + i);
            TimeUnit.SECONDS.sleep(2);
        }
        return ReturnT.SUCCESS;
    }


    /**
     * 2、分片广播任务
     */
    @XxlJob("shardingJobHandler")
    public ReturnT<String> shardingJobHandler(String param) throws Exception {

        // 分片参数
        ShardingUtil.ShardingVO shardingVO = ShardingUtil.getShardingVo();
        XxlJobLogger.log("分片参数:当前分片序号 = {}, 总分片数 = {}", shardingVO.getIndex(), shardingVO.getTotal());

        // 业务逻辑
        for (int i = 0; i < shardingVO.getTotal(); i++) {
            if (i == shardingVO.getIndex()) {
                XxlJobLogger.log("第 {} 片, 命中分片开始处理", i);
            } else {
                XxlJobLogger.log("第 {} 片, 忽略", i);
            }
        }

        return ReturnT.SUCCESS;
    }


    /**
     * 3、命令行任务
     */
    @XxlJob("commandJobHandler")
    public ReturnT<String> commandJobHandler(String param) throws Exception {
        String command = param;
        int exitValue = -1;

        BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
        try {
            // command process
            Process process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(command);
            BufferedInputStream bufferedInputStream = new BufferedInputStream(process.getInputStream());
            bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(bufferedInputStream));

            // command log
            String line;
            while ((line = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                XxlJobLogger.log(line);
            }

            // command exit
            process.waitFor();
            exitValue = process.exitValue();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            XxlJobLogger.log(e);
        } finally {
            if (bufferedReader != null) {
                bufferedReader.close();
            }
        }

        if (exitValue == 0) {
            return IJobHandler.SUCCESS;
        } else {
            return new ReturnT<String>(IJobHandler.FAIL.getCode(), "command exit value("+exitValue+") is failed");
        }
    }


    /**
     * 4、跨平台Http任务
     *  参数示例:
     *      "url: http://www.baidu.com\n" +
     *      "method: get\n" +
     *      "data: content\n";
     */
    @XxlJob("httpJobHandler")
    public ReturnT<String> httpJobHandler(String param) throws Exception {

        // param parse
        if (param==null || param.trim().length()==0) {
            XxlJobLogger.log("param["+ param +"] invalid.");
            return ReturnT.FAIL;
        }
        String[] httpParams = param.split("\n");
        String url = null;
        String method = null;
        String data = null;
        for (String httpParam: httpParams) {
            if (httpParam.startsWith("url:")) {
                url = httpParam.substring(httpParam.indexOf("url:") + 4).trim();
            }
            if (httpParam.startsWith("method:")) {
                method = httpParam.substring(httpParam.indexOf("method:") + 7).trim().toUpperCase();
            }
            if (httpParam.startsWith("data:")) {
                data = httpParam.substring(httpParam.indexOf("data:") + 5).trim();
            }
        }

        // param valid
        if (url==null || url.trim().length()==0) {
            XxlJobLogger.log("url["+ url +"] invalid.");
            return ReturnT.FAIL;
        }
        if (method==null || !Arrays.asList("GET", "POST").contains(method)) {
            XxlJobLogger.log("method["+ method +"] invalid.");
            return ReturnT.FAIL;
        }

        // request
        HttpURLConnection connection = null;
        BufferedReader bufferedReader = null;
        try {
            // connection
            URL realUrl = new URL(url);
            connection = (HttpURLConnection) realUrl.openConnection();

            // connection setting
            connection.setRequestMethod(method);
            connection.setDoOutput(true);
            connection.setDoInput(true);
            connection.setUseCaches(false);
            connection.setReadTimeout(5 * 1000);
            connection.setConnectTimeout(3 * 1000);
            connection.setRequestProperty("connection", "Keep-Alive");
            connection.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/json;charset=UTF-8");
            connection.setRequestProperty("Accept-Charset", "application/json;charset=UTF-8");

            // do connection
            connection.connect();

            // data
            if (data!=null && data.trim().length()>0) {
                DataOutputStream dataOutputStream = new DataOutputStream(connection.getOutputStream());
                dataOutputStream.write(data.getBytes("UTF-8"));
                dataOutputStream.flush();
                dataOutputStream.close();
            }

            // valid StatusCode
            int statusCode = connection.getResponseCode();
            if (statusCode != 200) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Http Request StatusCode(" + statusCode + ") Invalid.");
            }

            // result
            bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(connection.getInputStream(), "UTF-8"));
            StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
            String line;
            while ((line = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                result.append(line);
            }
            String responseMsg = result.toString();

            XxlJobLogger.log(responseMsg);
            return ReturnT.SUCCESS;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            XxlJobLogger.log(e);
            return ReturnT.FAIL;
        } finally {
            try {
                if (bufferedReader != null) {
                    bufferedReader.close();
                }
                if (connection != null) {
                    connection.disconnect();
                }
            } catch (Exception e2) {
                XxlJobLogger.log(e2);
            }
        }

    }

    /**
     * 5、生命周期任务示例:任务初始化与销毁时,支持自定义相关逻辑;
     */
    @XxlJob(value = "demoJobHandler2", init = "init", destroy = "destroy")
    public ReturnT<String> demoJobHandler2(String param) throws Exception {
        XxlJobLogger.log("XXL-JOB, Hello World.");
        return ReturnT.SUCCESS;
    }
    public void init(){
        logger.info("init");
    }
    public void destroy(){
        logger.info("destory");
    }


}

1.5.5 启动项目

  • 查看执行器管理我们会发现已经获取到我们的在线机器地址了:
    image.png

  • 然后我们进入任务管理,发现有一个任务,我们打开编辑发现这个任务名称就存在在我们的项目中:
    image.png
    image.png

  • 运行一下试试:
    image.png

  • 通过查看调度日志,我们发现是成功的:
    image.png

  • 查看一下后台输出:
    image.png

后面自己可以修改代码实现自己想要的功能了。

至此,我们的xxl-job就算简单整合结束了。

源码地址:

https://github.com/zhouzhaodong/springboot/tree/master/xxl-job

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